ROMANIAN ATHENEUM(ATENEUL ROMAN)
This is Bucarest’s most prestigious concert hall and one of the most beautiful building in the city.It was built in 1888 in neo classic style after a design by the French architect Albert Galleron.The money for the completion of the building were gathered in a public collection in which people were asked to “give a leu for the Atheneum(the “leu”being the currency of Romania).With it’s 40m high dome and the Doric columns it resembles an ancient temple.The beautiful façade is adorned with mosaics of five Romanian rulers.On the inside there are scenes from Romanian history.This is the place to hear classical music in Bucharest.
NATIONAL THEATER(TEATRUL NATIONAL)
The stocky building sitting on one of the corners of University Square is the National Theater.It was build in 1973 after plans by a group of Romanian arh..The old building of National Theater was destroyed during the WWII.Originally the building had a different façade ,modeled after the architecture of Moldova’s monasteries but in 1984 it was remodeled and got its present massive shape.The theatre had 4 performance halls.
If u feel like having a refreshment,you’ll find two bars located on top of the National Theater.One is a open terrace bar called “La Motoare”,open only in summer,while the other one called “Laptaria lui Enache” is open during fall,winter and spring.
THE OLD COURT(CURTEA VECHE)
The olders part of Bucarest lies around The Old Princely Court(Curtea Veche)at the end of Str.Franceza.Archaeologists belive that this area was inhabitated long before the 14th century because of pieces found here.But this area’s time of glory came in the 14th century when the reigning prince of Valahia,Vlad the Impaler build his fortress here.
NATIONAL ART MUSEUM(MUZEUL DE ARTA)
The imposing building which used to be the Royal Palace is located in the Revolution Square(Piata Revolutiei),in the northwestern corner.It was first build around 1815 by prince Dinicu Golescu and it underwent changes over several decades.The building was remodeled in 1882-1885 after plans by the French arh.Paul Gottereau only to be rebuild in 1930-1938 after being damages in a fire in 1926.
THE VILLAGE MUSEUM(MUZEUL SATULUI)
The Village Museum was established in 1936 and it contains over 300wooden houses,windmills,churches etc.from all over the country.If u don’t plan to visit Romania’s rural areas-and even if u do-u shouldn’t miss this museum which is one of the largest of it’s kind in Europe.Many of the buildings are originals which were brought here in pieces and reassembled.
MANUC’S INN(HANUL LUI MANUC)
Manuc’s Inn is the best preserve of Bucarest old inns.It was build around 1808 to shelter traveling merchants.The inn is also one of Bucarest’s historical building.It’s owner.an influential Armenian called Emanuel Marzaian(better know as Manuc Bey hence the name of the place)offered the building for the signing in 1812 of the treaty that ended the russo-turkish war and resulted in the gain of Basarabia by Russia.Today,Manuc’s Inn functions as a hotel-restaurant and winecellar.
CISMIGIU GARDENS PARK(GRADINA CISMIGIU)
In the very center of Bucarest there is a place where one can take a break from Bucarest for few hours.Cismigiu is located close to Universitatii Square,across the City Hall building.It is Bucarest oldest park and great place to stroll and enjoy the peace that one can feel finding such a place in the middle of a hectic city.Among the lawns and trees and the winding paths you’ll find a lake with rowboat rentals,a beer garden, a playground for children,a chess area where old people play tournament and plenty of park benches for relaxing and people watching.Sometimes there are Sunday concerts at the gazebo.
CENTRAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY(BIBLIOTECA CENTRALA UNIVERSITARA)
The Central University Library is a beautifully ornated building located opposite the Royal Palace in the Revolution Square.The library was founded by king Carol I and the building was designed by the French arh.Paul Gottereau,who also designed the National Saving Bank building.The building was heavily damaged during the December 1989 movement but was later restored and noi it looks really pretty.
ROMANIAN SAVINGS BANK OR CEC BUILDING(CASA DE ECONOMII SI CONSEMNATIUNI)
This beautiful building was designed in eclectic style by the French arh.Paul Gottereau.It’s construction began in 1894 on the side of a 16th century monastery Sf.Ioan cel Nou.This was the only bank that was allowed to do bussines during communism.
BUCAREST SCHOOL OF ARHITECTURE ION MINCU(UNIVERSITATEA DE ARHITECTURA ION MINCU)
A few steps away from University Square,behind a little square with a fountain lies the building of the school of architecture.Grigore Cherchez conceived this building in 1912 and it took five years to complete it.By circling the building you’ll notice that it is a hybrid.This building was dedicate to Ion Mincu ,which is considered to be one of the greatest Romanian arh..
Is a large park on the side of Bucarest around lake Herastrau.
The park has area of about 1.1km² of which 0.7km² is the lake.Initially the area was full of marshes but these were drained between 1930 and 1935,and the park was opened in 1936.The park is divided into two zones:a rustic or natural zone(the Village Museum),which is left more or less undisturbed and a public/active domain with open areas for recreation activities.Small boats are allowed on the lake.
ARCUL DE TRIUMF
Est un arc de triomphe situe dans la partie nord de Bucarest,sur la rue Kiseleff.
Le premier arc de triomphe fut erige rapidement en bois après l’acces de la Roumanie a l’independence(1878)afin d’y faire defiler les troupes victorieuses.Un autre arc proviso ire lui succeda sur le meme emplacement en 1922,après la Premiere guerre mondiale.Detruit en 1935 il fut remplace par l’arc de triomphe actuel,inaugure en Septembre 1936.
D’un hauteur de 27 m,Arcul de Triumf a ete construit par l’arhitecte Petre Antonescu sur des fondations de 25m par 11,50m.Des sculptures realisees par des artistes roumains celebres tells que Ion Julea et Dimitrie Paciurea ornent les facades.
LE PALAIS DU PARLEMENT(en roumain,Palatul Parlamentului)
Est situe a Bucarest abrite la Chambre des deputes et le Senat roumains.Avec sa surface au sol de 350 000m carres,il est un des plus grands batiments du monde et le plus grand d’Europe.Il fut d’abord appele la maison du People(Casa Poporului),puis le Palais du Parlament après la chute de Ceausescu en 1989.Les roumains l’appellent souvent encore par son premier nom.
Le palais mesure 270m sur 240m,et a une hauteur de 86m.Il contient 1100 pieces reparties sur 12 etages,avec quatre niveaux supplementaires en sous-sol actuellement accesibles et utilizes(il en existe quatre autres encore plus ou moins acheves).
On estime que le palais du Peuple est le deuxieme plus grand batiment du monde juste derriere le Pentagon a Washington DC.